By Paolo Asso
E-book four of Lucan??s epic contrasts Europe with Africa. on the conflict of Lerida (Spain), a violent typhoon reasons the neighborhood rivers to flood the obvious among the 2 hills the place the opposing armies are camped. Asso??s statement lines Lucan??s memories of early Greek stories of construction, while Chaos held the weather in vague confusion. This primordial broth units the tone for the full booklet. After the conflict, the scene switches to the Adriatic shore of Illyricum (Albania), and eventually to Africa, the place the proto-mythical water of the start of the booklet cedes to the dryness of the wilderness. The narrative unfolds opposed to the heritage of the warfare of the weather. The Spanish deluge is changed through the desiccated desolation of Africa. The statement contrasts the representations of Rome with Africa and explores the importance of Africa as an area infected by way of evil, yet which continues to be an essential component of Rome. besides Lucan??s different geographic and natural-scientific discussions, Africa??s place as part of the Roman international is painstakingly supported by means of astronomic and geographic erudition in Lucan??s mixing of clinical and mythological discourse. The poet is a visionary who helps his fact claims through medical discourse.
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Additional info for A Commentary on Lucan, ''De bello civili'' IV
The enemy was drawn to this place by equal measures of fear and shame, and Caesar captured the hill with a swift offensive. Virtue and the sword hold forth the promise of the ground to Caesar’s men, yet the ground itself does the same for the enemy. The overburdened soldiers struggle against the tall cliffs, and the battle line, face upwards, clings to the rising mountain. When about to fall each man steadies himself on the shield of the one following. No one has room to hurl a spear, as they slip and support their steps with a fixed javelin; they grab rocks and saplings and they hack a path with their swords, unmindful of the enemy.
The manuscripts are, in fact, so contaminated that it is completely impossible to design a stemma codicum. Badalì’s complex system of sigla assigns as far as possible an unambiguous label to each of the many variants cited in his apparatus, relying on both superscript and subscript figures along with the sigla to account for corrections, erasures, and first readings, not to mention the variants reported in the scholiastic tradition. The system used by Badalì seemed far too prolix to reproduce for the present edition and ultimately bound to confusion without direct access to the manuscripts and/or Badalì’s collations.
45 75 80 85 90 46 Belli Ciuilis Liber Quartus 95 100 105 110 115 120 iamque comes semper magnorum prima malorum saeua fames aderat, nulloque obsessus ab hoste miles eget: toto censu non prodigus emit exiguam Cererem. pro lucri pallida tabes! non dest prolato ieiunus uenditor auro. iam tumuli collesque latent, iam flumina cuncta condidit una palus uastaque uoragine mersit, absorpsit penitus rupes ac tecta ferarum detulit atque ipsas hausit, subitisque frementis uerticibus contorsit aquas et reppulit aestus fortior Oceani.