New PDF release: A Simple Thai Grammar

By Werachai Setthapun

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Ma• Kl (how many) is usually followed by a classifier. k! mQng how many times At what time? 48 13 k! wan how many day How many days? A ~ ~ Thinai (short form is nai) means where. khun ja bpai you will go Where will you go? " ~ thinai where Yang-ngai (how) khun bpai thamngan yang-ngai you go work how How do you go to work? Khrai (who) is an exception. It comes before the sentence. khrai tham k,igw taek who make glass break Who broke the glass? It may also occur at the end of the sentence. a kap khrai you come with who Who did you come with?

Rna him dog bark The dog barks. It is quite different from English because it is not necessary to indicate the number of the noun. To express the plural, classifiers are used. The above Thai sentence may be rendered in the following ways. A dog barks. A dog barked. The dog barks. The dog barked. 38 11 The dogs bark. The dogs barked. English verbs have many forms while Thai verbs have only one. Noun determiners are not necessary. Example 3 The third Example of sentence structure is foreign to Thai.

Usually the word is placed next to the adjective. 27 g v v kwi! rna cat beautiful than dog The cat is more beautiful than the dog. ay When a sentence has an adjective that modifies another, the modifier will follow the adjective. natimg bp~t kwsfng window open wide The window is wide open. 5 When a noun modifies an adjective that noun should be placed after the adjective. t6 kw~ng neung fut table wide one foot The table is one foot wide. 6 In English the conjunctives, how, what, which, when, whether, where, etc.

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