A Society Adrift: Interviews and Debates, 1974-1997 by Cornelius Castoriadis PDF

By Cornelius Castoriadis

This posthumous number of interviews and low papers given by means of Castoriadis among 1974 and 1997 is a full of life, direct creation to the deliberating a author who by no means deserted his notably serious stance. It presents a transparent, convenient rsum of his political rules, prior to their occasions and profoundly correct to modern day world.For this political philosopher and longtime militant (co-founder with Claude Lefort of the innovative staff Socialisme ou Barbarie), economist, psychoanalyst, and thinker, unending interrogations-how to appreciate the area and lifestyles in society-were intertwined together with his personal lifestyles and combats.An very important bankruptcy discusses the background of Socialisme ou Barbarie(1949-1967); in it, Castoriadis offers the perspectives he defended, in that staff, on a couple of topics: a critique of Marxism and of the Soviet Union, the bureaucratization of society and of the employees' flow, and the primacy of person and collective autonomy. one other bankruptcy offers the concept that, imperative to his considering, of imaginary significationsas what make a society cohere.Castoriadis continually returns to the query of democracy because the never-finished, planned production through the folk of societal associations, reading its previous and its destiny within the Western international. He scathingly criticizes representativedemocracy and develops a notion of direct democracy extending to all spheres of social lifestyles. He wonders in regards to the possibilities of attaining freedom and autonomy-those standards of precise democracy-in an international of unending, meaningless accumulation of fabric items, the place the mechanisms for governing society have disintegrated, the connection with nature is decreased to at least one of harmful domination, and, in particular, the inhabitants has withdrawn from the general public sphere: a global ruled via spare time activities and lobbies-a society adrift.

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Extra resources for A Society Adrift: Interviews and Debates, 1974-1997

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Other threads, and especially our criticism of the traditional conception of socialism, also pointed to the need for a radical reappraisal. My attempt to pull all those threads together was written into the article ‘‘Le mouvement re´volutionnaire sous le capitalisme moderne’’ (published in English as ‘‘Modern Capitalism and Revolution’’), a first version of which began to circulate in the group in 1959, and which immediately sparked a division, since it was the crystallizing factor for the opposition of all those who, within the group, rejected a radical critical effort.

Those were the considerations that led me to propose the suspension of the review. ’’ And in fact, there was new growth later. Why didn’t we try to reconstitute the group later on? ’’ The experience of all the post– May ’68 groups shows the impossibility of eluding the questions of: Who are we? How do we function? Who is us and who is not us? Is there an ‘‘us’’? And above all, What do we mean by ‘‘us’’? That’s a very important question: That ‘‘us’’ can be mystifying and alienating. In fact, in organizations, you don’t say ‘‘us’’ most of the time, you say ‘‘the party,’’ ‘‘the group,’’ and so on.

The implicit postulate, barring which everything in Capital would be meaningless, is that technical progress exists (otherwise there would be no increase in the productivity of labor), but that technical progress is represented by a continuous variable. The output of the working hour is a rising, continuous function of time, and is determined by it, and that’s it. If we want to go further, and consider everything Marx sees when he talks historically, concretely, about technological progress, then there is no longer something we can call the value of capital, to be treated in economic theory the way Marx treats it: that is, as something measurable corresponding to the accumulation of buildings, machines, mines, and so forth.

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