By Abraham Mehari Haile
An in-depth overview of the century-old Wadi Laba indigenous spate irrigation process in Eritrea. the program has depended on earthern and brushwood buildings and common water principles to help subsistence livelihoods of the Wadi Laba groups for lots of years. This examine analyses the effectiveness of the advent of contemporary water legislation and a brand new headwork which endevour to extend creation and traditional of dwelling. the inability of good fortune of the hot process, in comparison with conventional equipment of water administration are mentioned.
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Extra info for A Tradition in Transition, Water Management Reforms and Indigenous Spate Irrigation Systems in Eritrea: PhD, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, The Netherlands
However, it needs detailed and prolonged studies, and if taken to their logical conclusion, would involve deferring such developments for many years whilst data are being collected. Such deferral, in the context of the development needs in Eritrea, is not desirable’ (Halcrow, 1997). It is a fact that Eritrea is among the poorest countries with 53% of its population below the poverty line (Central Intelligence Agency, 2006) and one cannot dispute the urgency of the development needs. Nonetheless, the spate irrigation development activities must be ‘sustainable’ if they are to have a long-term positive impact on improving the livelihood of the intended beneficiaries.
It is hence important that the Water Resource Department and other concerned government and non-government institutions share and utilize efficiently the limited resources available at their disposal to make a detailed and a more reliable national, zonal and sub-zonal land and water resources assessment. In the past 30 years till 1993, when Eritrea was under various colonies, little investment has been made into the development of the irrigation systems. Since independence in 1993, the government of the State of Eritrea, recognizing that irrigation can play a significant role in attaining food security, has been, and is committed to be engaged in expansion, remodelling and modernization of many small and large scale irrigation systems.
This may have a two-fold negative impact. The downstream area getting less water than its agronomic requirement will operate below its productivity potential; the upstream land receiving excess water will not show any yield improvement, as the extra water is not serving a productive purpose. It is worthy of note that irrigation would have to be necessarily supported by rainfed agriculture if food self-reliance and/or food security is to be achieved in Eritrea. In recognition of this, the government has channelled many resources to expand and mechanize the rainfed agriculture through collective farming and noticeable successes have been observed.