Download e-book for kindle: Abstract Phonology in a Concrete Model: Cognitive by Nesset, Tore

By Nesset, Tore

This publication is proper for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a that means? those questions are explored through a finished research of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The research is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the e-book deals comparisons to different forms of cognitive linguistics, reminiscent of building Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed research is moreover in comparison to rule-based and constraint-based ways to phonology in generative grammar. with out resorting to underlying representations or procedural ideas, the Cognitive Linguistics framework enables an insightful method of summary phonology, supplying the $64000 benefit of restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar offers an research of a whole morphophonological process by way of a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that each one have cognitive motivation. No advert hoc equipment is invoked, and the research yields powerful empirical predictions. one other virtue is that Cognitive Grammar can determine the that means of morphophonological alternations. for instance, it really is argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to sign non-past which means. This e-book is on the market to a large readership and provides a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, which were understudied in cognitive linguistics.

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3, endings may also select stems with a particular shape. 5. Integration Langacker (1987: 304) refers to the encircled suspension points as an “elaboration site” (“e-site” for short), because [u] further specifies (“elaborates”) what follows after the stem. Syntagmatic selection is a very common phenomenon in linguistics. A prototypical example from syntax is the valency relation between a predicate and its arguments. 5 are widespread, and in phonology, it is often the case that a certain environment requires a certain allophone.

Taking evidence such as this seriously, linguists and cognitive scientists have developed frameworks that account for the intimate relationship between language structure and language use. Such frameworks are often known under the common denominator “the Usage-Based Model”. g. Elman and McClelland (1984). The nodes in the network are schemas which are more or less entrenched depending on how often they are activated. Numerous important contributions to cognitive linguistics have been couched in the Usage-Based Model (cf.

2, we shall see that this schema proves useful in the analysis of the softening alternation. Viewing features as schemas also yields a flexible approach insofar as it allows for features that generalize over other features. For instance, in the analysis of the softening alternation we need a feature [lingual] generalizing over alveolar, post-alveolar and dorsal (but not labial) consonants (cf. 2). g. /i, e, a/. Whether one adopts a positively specified schema or assumes underspecification is an empirical question.

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