Get Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary PDF

By Julius Herman Jozef van der Werf, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, Cedric Gondro

Fitness and edition are basic features of plant and animal species, allowing them to outlive of their surroundings and to evolve to the inevitable alterations during this surroundings. this is often precise for either the genetic assets of traditional ecosystems in addition to these utilized in agricultural creation.

Extensive genetic version exists among varieties/breeds in a species and among members inside of breeds. this modification has constructed over very lengthy sessions of time. a big ongoing problem is the best way to top make the most of this modification to fulfill non permanent calls for while additionally holding it for longer-term attainable use.

Many animal breeding courses have resulted in elevated functionality for construction characteristics yet this has usually been followed by way of diminished health. moreover, the worldwide use of genetic assets activates the query even if brought genotypes are tailored to neighborhood construction structures. figuring out the genetic nature of health and model will let us to higher deal with genetic assets permitting us to make effective and sustainable judgements for the development or breeding of those resources.

This ebook had an formidable objective in bringing jointly a pattern of the world’s major scientists in animal breeding and evolutionary genetics to interchange wisdom to improve our realizing of those important matters.

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Read Online or Download Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management PDF

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Additional resources for Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management

Sample text

7 Relation Between QTL and Major Effect Loci There are now no reasons to believe that QTL and major genes differ qualitatively as predicted by Mather (1944). QTL have been found to be less extreme alleles at loci with known major effects in some, but not all cases (Frankham and Weber 2000; Mackay 2001; Mackay et al. 2005; Kearsey and Farquhar 1998; Mackay and Anholt 2006). For example, bristle QTL have been mapped to the known major effect loci achaete-scute, bobbed, hairy, Hairless and scabrous (Frankham 1980; Mackay and Lyman 2005).

Effects of single P-element insertions on bristle number and viability in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 143: 277–292. C. 1989. Mutation and the origin of quantitative variation. G. C. B. International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 113–119. M. 2001. The genetic architecture of quantitative traits. Annu. Rev. Genet. 35: 303–339. C. 2004. The genetic architecture of quantitative traits: lessons from Drosophila. Curr. Opin. Genet. Devel. 14: 253–257. C. R. 2006. Of flies and man: Drosophila as a model for human complex traits.

The genetic architecture of body weight and egg hatchability in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 56: 23–37. J. L. 1998. QTL analysis in plants: Where are we now? Heredity 80: 137–142. A. M. 2006. Very low additive genetic variance and evolutionary potential in multiple populations of two rainforest Drosophila species. Evolution 60: 1104–1108. K. 2003. Deleterious mutations and the genetic variance of male fitness components in Mimulus guttatus. Genetics 164: 1071–1085. K. H. 2001. Deleterious mutations and genetic variation for flower size in Mimulus guttatus.

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