By Stela Manova
This quantity advances our figuring out of the way be aware constitution when it comes to affix ordering is equipped within the languages of the area. A critical factor in linguistic conception, affix ordering gets a lot recognition among the study neighborhood, although such a lot stories take care of just one language. against this, the vast majority of the chapters during this quantity ponder multiple language and supply facts from typologically assorted languages, a few of that are tested for the 1st time. Many chapters specialize in situations of affix ordering that problem linguistic thought with such phenomena as affix repetition and variable ordering, either one of that are proven to be neither infrequent nor regular basically of lesser-studied languages with volatile grammatical association, as formerly assumed. The e-book additionally deals an particular dialogue at the non-existence of phonological affix ordering, with a spotlight on cellular affixation, and one at the emergence of affix ordering in baby language, the 1st of its sort within the literature. Repetitive operations, bad in lots of theories, are common in early baby language and appear to function trainings for morphological decomposition and affix stacking. hence, the amount additionally increases vital questions in regards to the common structure of grammar and the character and negative effects of our theoretical assumptions.
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Extra resources for Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks
Let us review these data in more detail. The first observation has to do with the semantic type of causation. (23) alim butaq-nı sın-dır-dı. 3sg 1. ’ 2. , Kratzer 2005). (18) is illicit if the activity and the change of state are mediated by other events. For instance, Alim asking his friend to break a branch, his friend taking a hammer and hitting the branch, and the branch finally breaking would be an impossible scenario for (23). Compare the causal passive in (24). (24) butaq (alim-ni küc-ü ble) sın-ıl-dı.
Finally, consider the scope of negation. Causativized unaccusatives license two interpretations: (35) alim cojun-nu tol-dur-ma-dı. ’ 1. No filling activity has occurred. 2. Alim started filling the pot but has not finished. Being derived accomplishments, causatives like fill provide the negation with two scope possibilities (Dowty 1979, and much further work). 1), the negation takes wide scope that includes both activity and change of state. 2), the change of state only falls under the scope of negation.
We show that double passives like (39) are to single passives like (4) as causatives of transitives are to ordinary transitives, as represented in Scheme 1: Scheme 1. Transitives, causatives, passives, and double passives transitive zırt ‘tear’ causative of transitive OVERT CAUSATIVIZATION double passive passive of transitive zırtıl ‘be torn’ zırttır ‘make tear’ CAUSATIVE COERCION PLUS PASSIVIZATION zırtılın ‘be torn due to an external cause’ We will look at the difference between transitive verbs like zırt and their causatives like zırttır and make sure that the event structure of the latter contains an additional causing subevent, as expected.