By Patricia Donaher, Seth Katz
The observe ain't is utilized by audio system of all dialects and sociolects of English. still, language critics view ain't as marking audio system as "lazy" or "stupid"; and the expert think ain't is on its deathbed, used merely in cliches. all people has an opinion approximately ain't. Even the grammar-checker in Microsoft observe flags each ain't with a pink underscore. yet why? over the last a hundred years, just a couple of articles and sections of books have reviewed the background of ain't or mentioned it in dialect contexts. this primary book-length assortment particularly devoted to this shibboleth offers a multifaceted research of ain't within the background and grammar of English; in English speech, writing, tv, comics and different media; and with regards to the minds, attitudes, and utilization of audio system and writers of English from more than a few areas, ethnicities, social sessions, and dialect groups. so much articles within the assortment are available for the typical knowledgeable speaker, whereas others are directed basically at experts in linguistic study-but with worthy factors and footnotes to make those articles extra approachable for the layperson. This number of articles on ain't hence offers a extensive viewers with a wealthy realizing and appreciation of the heritage and lifetime of this taboo notice.
Read or Download Ain’thology: the History and Life of a Taboo Word PDF
Best grammar books
The Theme-Topic Interface (TTI) provides an invaluable catalogue of techniques to the concept that topic within the research of ordinary Language. The publication is written with either theoretical and descriptive targets and goals to synthesize andrevise present methods to pragmatic features. furthermore, TTI explains that diversified thematic structures in normal language display various discourse techniques regarding standpoint and speaker subjectivity, which exhibits the collectively supportive position of shape and discourse functionality vis-á-vis one another.
Ordinary languages supply many examples of “displacement,” i. e. structures during which a non-local expression is important for a few grammatical finish. important examples contain phenomena akin to elevating and passive at the one hand, and keep an eye on at the different. although every one phenomenon is an instance of displacement, they've been theoretically distinctive.
- Cognitive English Grammar (Cognitive Linguistics in Practice)
- Grammar of Kurmanji or Kurdish Language
- Dearly, Nearly, Insincerely: What Is An Adverb?
- The Interplay of Morphology and Phonology
- Towards a Derivational Syntax: Survive-minimalism
- History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics
Extra resources for Ain’thology: the History and Life of a Taboo Word
That is, of 37 general grammar/writing/language and 28 business-writing sites Schaffer examines, fewer than half (49%) include any mention or even use of ain't, while only 9% offer true discussions of the word (more descriptive, or at least historically and socially sensitive, than prescriptive). Furthermore, a comparison review of a small sample of recent print mass-market grammar guides also produces few mentions of ain't (in three of eight books examined). This lack of attention seems to suggest that many grammar pundits assume that everyone knows that the word is proscribed, although it is also possible that many people simply have no problem with ain't nowadays, in any case.
Edu/coca/. D'Avenant, William. (1874). The man's the master. In The dramatic works of William D'Avenant. Vol. 5. Edinburgh, UK: William Paterson. (Original work published 1669) A Dictionary of American English on Historical Principles. (1938). William A. Craigie & James R. ). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Dictionary of American Regional English. 4 vols. (1984-2014). Frederic G. ). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Duffett, Thomas. (1922). The mock-Tempest. ). Shakespeare adaptations: The Tempest, The mock Tempest, and King Lear (pp.
The contractions of not: A historical note. Journal of English Linguistics, 22, 176-196. Burney, Fanny. (1784). Evelina. 2 vols. London, UK: T. & W. Lowndes. org. ). (1806). The Tatler; with prefaces historical and biographical. London, UK: Nichols & Son. Cheshire, Jenny. Variation in the use of ain't in an urban British English dialect. 3, 365-381. Congreve, William. (1756) Love for love. London, UK: J. & R. Tonson. org. (Original work published 1695) Corpus of Contemporary American English. ).