By Jon Elster
The essays during this provocative assortment survey and determine institutional preparations which may be possible choices to capitalism because it exists this day. The agreed aspect of departure one of the individuals is that at the one hand, capitalism ends up in unemployment, an absence of autonomy within the office, and big source of revenue inequalities; whereas nonetheless, important socialist making plans is characterised via underemployment, inefficiency, and paperwork. partially I, quite a few possible choices are proposed: profit-sharing platforms, capitalism mixed with a few important making plans, worker-owned businesses in a industry economic climate, or the creation of the weather of industry economic climate right into a centrally deliberate financial system as has happened lately in Hungary. half II presents a theoretical research and overview of those platforms.
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Extra resources for Alternatives to Capitalism (Studies in Marxism and Social Theory)
The Commission, in its Recommendations on Telecommunications,50 also expressed its desire to ensure that the objective of an open market, in particular for suppliers within the European Community, was being achieved without undesirable consequences for trade patterns with non-member countries. In its 1984 Communication to the Council on public supply contracts51 and its White Paper on the Completion of the Internal Market,52 the Commission reiterated the need to liberalise the so far excluded sectors, particularly the telecommunications sectors.
8 EU public procurement law It appears, however, that in both private and public markets, two elements have relevance when attempting their regulation. The first element is the price differentiation of similar products; the second element is access to the relevant markets. As the European integration is an economic process which aims at dismantling barriers to trade and approximating national economies, the need to create acceptable levels of competition in both public and private markets becomes more demanding.
The diversity of legal systems within the member states of the European Union and the differences in existing domestic public procurement rules Introduction 11 would have rendered the regulation of public markets ineffective, if recourse was sought solely to primary Community legislation. The negative character of the primary Community provisions which apply to public procurement, to the extent that they provide a legal framework which prohibits any obstructions, distortions and hindrances to intra-community trade and the relevant fundamental principles, could be seen as the main reason for the need by European institutions to intervene and introduce a set of rules which, although based upon the primary Community rules above, have a positive character in the sense that they allow a margin of discretion in their implementation.