Get Ambivalent Embrace: America's Troubled Relations with Spain PDF

By Rodrigo Botero

For almost centuries interplay among Spain and the USA was once characterised by means of cultural and political modifications, jointly perceived conflicts of nationwide curiosity, and an asymmetry of energy. Botero identifies the interval from 1945 to 1953 as a watershed in family members, because the international locations moved from a adversarial posture in the direction of a pleasant rapprochement. He indicates why, despite political variations, mutual mistrust, and reciprocal grievances, either governments stumbled on it of their most sensible curiosity to arrive an contract at the factor of ecu safety. This examine records, for the 1st time, the intense lengths to which the Franco regime was once ready to visit enhance its relatives with the United States.Beginning with the Spanish monarchy's selection to aid the 13 colonies of their fight for independence, Botero examines treaty negotiations in 1795 and 1821 that concerned Spain's territorial possessions in North the United States. He then seems at how friction over occasions in Cuba culminated within the Spanish-American struggle of 1898. a number of many years of mutual disengagement till the 2 countries back clashed over the early pro-Axis sympathy of the Franco regime. the terror of Soviet aggression might ultimately unite the 2 within the post-World conflict II period with a bilateral contract to set up army bases in Spain as a part of strategic preparations to safeguard Western Europe.

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Extra resources for Ambivalent Embrace: America's Troubled Relations with Spain from the Revolutionary War to the Cold War (Contributions to the Study of World History)

Sample text

From the recurring episodes of Anglo-Spanish hostilities in the eighteenth century, two considerations are particularly noteworthy because of their implications for the relations between Spain and the United States. The first is the priority assigned by Spain to the recovery of Gibraltar. This objective was to impinge on the negotiations leading to the settlement of the North American War of Independence. The second is the cession—made by Louis XV of France to Carlos III of Spain—of Louisiana in 1763 in compensation for the loss of Florida in the Seven Years’ War.

12. Jay showed the draft of the letter to the French ambassador to Spain, Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin, who dissuaded him from sending it to avoid giving offense by the reference to Spanish dilatoriness. The text of the letter is included in Jay to the President of Congress, October 3, 1781, in Wharton, op. , 4:755. 13. Franklin to Jay, January 19, 1782, in Wharton, op. , 5:354. 14. Jay to Livingston, April 28, 1782, in Wharton, op. , 5:374–375. 15. Robert Livingston, from the Office of Foreign Affairs wrote: “This letter goes by too hazardous a conveyance to admit of my entering into many of those causes of complaint which daily administer food to distrusts and jealousies between Spain and the people of this country.

A comprehensive description of censorship of publications as well as prevailing intellectual currents of this period can be found in Richard Herr, The Eighteenth-Century Revolution in Spain (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958). 21. “Our commerce with Spain is also in itself a very considerable object. At this moment we take from her wine, oil, fruit, silk, cloth etc. ’’ Morris to Jay, July 4, 1781, in Wharton, op. , 4:537. 22. “The Americans propose only friendship and reciprocal trade.

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