Download e-book for iPad: America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National by Linda Weiss

By Linda Weiss

For greater than part a century, the USA has led the realm in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. ability for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide protection kingdom, a fancy of corporations, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting protection preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has developed in accordance with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly struggle interval to the post-9/11 era.

Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital cash, new types of know-how procurement via protection and security-related corporations, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable strength because the Nineteen Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide safeguard kingdom has been the crucible for step forward ideas, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent corporations, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her ebook appraises power myths concerning the military-commercial dating on the middle of the nationwide protection kingdom. Weiss additionally discusses the consequences for figuring out U.S. capitalism, the yank country, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized enterprises curtail funding in production and innovation.

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Model of free labor markets and high labor mobility serves to reinforce the system of “shareholder value” with its emphasis on maximizing short-term profits, on spot markets for goods and materials, and on stock-market finance. Critics of this mutual reinforcement view of institutions have not been in short supply. But if the measure of a study’s value is the extent of productive debate that it generates, then Hall and Soskice can be credited with pushing the boundaries of institutional analysis.

Since my aims differ from those of the historian, my account does not give priority to questions of periodization. While not ignoring the time factor, I frame my discussion of the rise and evolution of the NSS in terms of five broad phases. These correspond roughly rather than neatly to the designated periods: emergence (1945–57), growth (1958–68), crisis (1969– 79), reform and reorientation in two phases (1980–89 and 1990–99), and re-visioning (2000–2012). In each phase, I seek to highlight those aspects of the international security environment, the domestic political context, and the technology leadership challenges that have influenced the formation and evolution of the NSS innovation enterprise.

18 In this model, state-based agents would ideally undertake three tasks: first, form partnerships and alliances with private actors throughout the national economy; second, negotiate private-sector support for state-directed projects; and third, leverage both public and private resources in pursuit of national technological objectives. “It is our job,” Eisenhower argued, “to take the initiative in promoting the development of new resources, if our national security indicates the need. It is our duty to support broad research programs in educational institutions, in industry, and in whatever field might Rise of National Security State as Tech.

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